Capital information

 

edit have you (or any account holder) registered for anything that came with your packaged bank account — for example, mobile phone insurance, travel insurance or car breakdown cover? please give details. edit have you (or any account holder) made a claim on any of the insurances that came with the packaged bank account? please give details. edit have you (or any account holder) used anything else — for example, a better interest rate on an overdraft or loan rate, a monthly film subscription or any other discounts? please give details.

Capital, in the financial sense, is the money that gives the business the power to buy goods to be used in the production of other goods or the offering of a service. (The capital has two types of resources, Equity and Debt).

The Financial Services Register is a public record that shows details of firms, individuals and other bodies that are, or have been, regulated by the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) and/or the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). It also has information on firms regulated by the Financial Services Authority that had cancelled or stopped being regulated before April 2013. Why search the Register? You can search the Register to find out whether a firm you are using, or plan to do business with, is authorised or registered by the PRA and/or FCA, or is exempt. You can also see if a consumer credit firm has interim permission to provide consumer credit. Other information you can see about a firm or individual includes: the main contact details, trading names and other basic information the ‘status’ of a firm or individual, e.g. whether they are authorised or approved the name and basic details of some firms and individuals that are providing products or services in the UK or abroad without the required authorisation, approval or exemption from regulation Under the new Senior Managers and Certification Regime, effective from 7 March 2016, which covers banks, building societies, credit unions and PRA designated investment firms, only Senior Managers are pre-approved. Firms now assess other functions such as Customer Functions (CF30s) (including retail investment advisers). Individuals will show a current status of ‘Inactive’ on the register in these firms if they used to be approved by the FCA. If an adviser is not listed, or shown as ‘inactive’, and you would like to check their status, you should confirm this directly with the firm the adviser is currently working with. If you deal with a firm (or individual) that is not regulated you may not be covered by the Financial Ombudsman Service or Financial Services Compensation Scheme if things go wrong. You can also search the Register for individuals that work in an authorised firm and perform some important tasks that have been approved by the FCA or PRA.Other registers The Mutuals Register is a public record of building societies, credit unions and other registered societies under the Co-operative and Community Benefit Societies Act 2014.The Regulated Covered Bonds Register is a public record of all regulated covered bonds and their issuers. Covered bonds are a type of secured bond usually backed by mortgages or public sector loans.
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Firms and individuals can only offer most financial products and services in the UK if they are authorised, registered or approved to do so, or are otherwise exempt. Yet some act without our authorisation or registration, or without being exempt, and some knowingly run scams.If you deal with a firm (or individual) that is not regulated you may not be covered by the Financial Ombudsman Service or Financial Services Compensation Scheme if things go wrong. Search for a firm or individual to find out how you are protected.Protect yourself from scams Find out how to check you are dealing with a regulated firm.You can see what to do if you have been scammed, are concerned about an investment or have been contacted by fraudsters.You can also help us protect other people if you report a scam or unauthorised firm.

BusinessThe Street•yesterdayA Staggering 225,000 People Will Graduate from Walmart College This YearWalmart expects to graduate 225,000 employees from its new training academies this year, CEO Doug McMillon revealed on Thursday.  “Remember, 75% of Walmart U.S. store management teams started as hourly associates so it’s critical we provide effective training for our associates as they take on more responsibility in our company,” said McMillon, who started working in Walmart’s stores as a teen.  Last February, the same day Walmart raised wages for 1.2 million employees, it opened its first training academy. The academies, which are often in separate buildings on a Walmart store site, teach employees fundamental retail skills that go beyond stocking shelves and customer service, such as which27Reactions. Click to view reactions

This special issue pays tribute to Hal White’s many contributions to financial econometrics. It contains a personal piece by Peter Phillips, followed by the Presidential Address written by Eric Ghysels, a cofounder of SoFiE. Finally, there are four papers on topics related to Hal White’s scholarly contributions, each covering both theoretical and applied questions in financial econometrics.

An entity whose income exceeds its expenditure can lend or invest the excess income to help that excess income produce more income in the future. Though on the other hand, an entity whose income is less than its expenditure can raise capital by borrowing or selling equity claims, decreasing its expenses, or increasing its income. The lender can find a borrower—a financial intermediary such as a bank—or buy notes or bonds (corporate bonds, government bonds, or mutual bonds) in the bond market. The lender receives interest, the borrower pays a higher interest than the lender receives, and the financial intermediary earns the difference for arranging the loan.

Public finance describes finance as related to sovereign states and sub-national entities (states/provinces, counties, municipalities, etc.) and related public entities (e.g. school districts) or agencies. It usually encompasses a long-term, strategic perspective regarding investment decisions that affect public entities. These long-term, strategic periods usually encompass five or more years. Public finance is primarily concerned with:
Financial Advice
The FRC promotes high quality corporate governance and reporting to foster investment. Timely, relevant and trustworthy information about company performance, prospects and board behaviour helps attract capital to UK companies. The FRC sets and promotes high standards in accounting, auditing and actuarial practice. We oversee the conduct of the professionals involved. The FRC’s culture is open and collaborative. We embrace diversity and provide equality of opportunities for our staff As the competent authority for audit the FRC is the UK’s independent audit regulator. We monitor the quality of audits of public interest entities and take enforcement action where necessary. Culture to Capital: aligning corporate behaviour with long term performance Companies face a wake-up call to review their cultures Read more

The Financial Services Act 2012 brought major reforms to create a UK regulatory framework which is focused on the issues that matter and better equipped to deliver financial stability.On 1 April 2013 the new legislation established an independent Financial Policy Committee (FPC) at the Bank.  The Committee is charged with a primary objective of identifying, monitoring and taking action to remove or reduce systemic risks with a view to protecting and enhancing the resilience of the UK financial system. The FPC has a secondary objective to support the economic policy of the Government.   Previously, in February 2011, the Bank’s Court of Directors created an interim FPC to undertake, as far as possible, the future statutory role of FPC.  The interim FPC held its first policy meeting in June 2011, and met on a quarterly basis thereafter.   The Committee publishes a record of its formal policy meetings, and is responsible for the Bank’s bi-annual Financial Stability Report.   The Committee has thirteen members, of which six are Bank staff including The Governor, four Deputy Governors and the executive director for financial stability.Five members of the Committee are independent experts chosen from outside the Bank, and selected for their experience and expertise in financial services.  The Chief Executive of the Financial Conduct Authority is also a member.  The Committee also includes a non-voting member from HM Treasury.

In 2016, our members provided £118 billion of new finance. £88 billion of this was in the form of consumer credit to support purchases ranging from cars to household goods and £30 billion was provided to businesses and the public sector, representing almost a third of UK investment in machinery, equipment and purchased software in the UK last year.

The Financial Declaration form is an integral part of the graduate admissions process. Colleges may separately undertake rent assurance processes (e.g. credit control, deposits, payment of rent upfront, tenancy agreements) for students who apply for college accommodation. Rent assurances are undertaken outside of the Financial Declaration process and are unrelated to the process of satisfying the conditions of an offer of admission.

Although closely related, the disciplines of economics and finance are distinctive. The “economy” is a social institution that organizes a society’s production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services, all of which must be financed.

Financial economics is the branch of economics studying the interrelation of financial variables, such as prices, interest rates and shares, as opposed to goods and services. Financial economics concentrates on influences of real economic variables on financial ones, in contrast to pure finance. It centres on managing risk in the context of the financial markets, and the resultant economic and financial models. It essentially explores how rational investors would apply risk and return to the problem of an investment policy. Here, the twin assumptions of rationality and market efficiency lead to modern portfolio theory (the CAPM), and to the Black–Scholes theory for option valuation; it further studies phenomena and models where these assumptions do not hold, or are extended. “Financial economics”, at least formally, also considers investment under “certainty” (Fisher separation theorem, “theory of investment value”, Modigliani–Miller theorem) and hence also contributes to corporate finance theory. Financial econometrics is the branch of financial economics that uses econometric techniques to parameterize the relationships suggested.

× Current status Active Individual – An individual (and some firms) that can perform certain tasks in an authorised firm. We describe these individuals and firms as ‘approved persons’ and the tasks as ‘controlled functions’. Appointed representative – A firm or individual that can act on behalf of another firm (its principal) that is authorised in the UK or regulated in another EEA country. The principal is responsible for the appointed representative’s activities. Appointed representative – former – An appointed representative that can no longer provide regulated products and services, but previously could act on behalf of another firm (its principal). Appointed representative – introducer – A firm that can introduce customers to another firm or members of the firm’s group, and/or give out certain kinds of marketing material. It must be a representative of a firm authorised by the FCA or PRA, or regulated in the EEA. Approved – An individual (and some firms) that can perform certain tasks in an authorised firm. We describe these individuals and firms as ‘approved persons’ and the tasks as ‘controlled functions’.Authorised firm – A firm that is given permission to provide regulated products and services. Authorised firm – applied to cancel – A firm that has applied to cancel its authorisation but must still meet our standards in dealing with its customers. Authorised firm – in administration – A firm that has stopped taking on new business but is still authorised and has to continue to meet our standards in dealing with its customers. Authorised firm – in liquidation – A firm that has stopped taking on new business but is still authorised and has to continue to meet our standards in dealing with its customers. Authorised firm – suspended – A firm that has to stop providing regulated products and services for a period of time. Authorised electronic money institution – A firm that we have given permission to issue electronic money (e-money) and provide payment services.Authorised payment institution – A firm that we have given permission to provide payment services. EEA authorised firm – A firm regulated in another European Economic Area a (EEA) country that can offer certain products or services in the UK. The firm must meet minimum standards agreed across all EEA countries.Electronic money agent – A firm that can issue electronic money (e-money) and provide payment services on behalf of an e-money institution.Inactive individual – An individual (and some firms) that was previously approved to perform certain tasks in a regulated firm. These individuals and firms would have been described as ‘approved persons’ and the tasks as ‘controlled functions’. No longer authorised firm – A firm that can no longer provide regulated products and services, but previously was authorised by the PRA and/or FCA. Payment services agent – A firm that can provide payment services on behalf of a payment institution.Small electronic money institution – A firm that can issue electronic money (e-money) and provide payment services. These firms are ‘registered’ (rather than ‘authorised’), which affects how we regulate the firm. Small payment institution – A firm that can provide payment services. These firms are ‘registered’ (rather than ‘authorised’), which affects how we regulate the firm. Unauthorised firm – Some firms provide products and services without the required authorisation, or is knowingly running a scam. We strongly suggest you avoid dealing with unauthorised firms. No longer Authorised – This is a firm that can no longer provide regulated products and services, but was previously authorised by the PRA and/or FCA. Cancelled – The firm has cancelled its interim permission to undertake consumer credit business. Previously IP Registered – This firm previously had interim permission to perform certain consumer credit activities for the period indicated in this record. It has since applied for and been authorised to carry out credit activities in its main permission, replacing the interim permission. You should refer to the authorisation record for this firm for the permissions since the interim permission ended. Fully Authorised apart from 2nd charge – This firm is authorised to run consumer credit business. You should refer to the authorisation information for this firm rather than its interim permission, except for its second charge mortgage business which still comes under its interim permission. Interim Permission Granted – The firm has interim permission to undertake consumer credit business. IP issued – The firm has interim permission to undertake consumer credit business. IP provisionally issued – The firm has interim permission to undertake consumer credit business. IVOP issued – This firm has interim permission to run consumer credit business and was already authorised to provide financial products and services. IVOP provisionally granted – The firm has interim permission to undertake consumer credit business and was already authorised to provide financial products and services. Lapsed – The firm no longer has interim permission to undertake consumer credit business. Revoked – This firm has had its interim permission to run consumer credit business withdrawn. See the disciplinary and regulatory action section for more information. Suspended – This firm has had its interim permission to undertake consumer credit business suspended by the FCA and/or PRA. See the Disciplinary and regulatory action about the firm for further information. Close

 

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